In the caribbean and in many slave societies in the americas, one of the most important aspects of resistance to slavery was the retention of african culture or melding african, american and european cultural forms to create new ones such as the kweyol languages (antillean creole. On the caribbean island of antigua, 77 slaves, or 'rebels' as they were described, were burned alive in 1736 400 were executed for joining tacky, a slave who led a rebellion in jamaica in 1760 as late as 1832, the rebellion known as the 'baptist war' or emancipation rebellion (1831-2) on the island of jamaica resulted in the killing. Assess the effects of the revolution on haiti and the wider caribbeancaribbean history syllabus: effective 2011 theme 3: resistance and revolt 1 explain the origins and course of the haitian revolution up to 1804. 10 social impact one of the major implications of the sugar revolution was the increase in the size of the slave population as hundreds of thousands of african slaves were imported yearly into the caribbean. In the caribbean, britain colonised the islands of st kitts and barbados in 1623 and 1627 respectively, and later, jamaica in 1655 these and other caribbean colonies became the center of wealth and the focus of the slave trade for the growing english empire.
A slave rebellion is an armed uprising by slavesslave rebellions have occurred in nearly all societies that practice slavery or have practiced slavery in the past, and are amongst the most feared events for slaveholders. Despite an increasing quantity of literature on caribbean slave revolts, matthews's approach to the topic provides us with an innovative, fresh, and succinct study that begs the reader to reconsider past scholarly interpretations of the british movement to abolish slavery in the early nineteenth century. Assess the effects of the revolution on haiti and the wider caribbean 6 explain the causes, nature and consequences of major revolts describe the attitudes to labour in the english-speaking caribbean after 1838 3. The slave revolts in what would become haiti created the second independent republic in the americas and created panic across the slaveholding world of the americas it undermined slavery in the.
Slavery, for example, was abolished in the british caribbean in 1834, the french caribbean in 1848, the dutch caribbean in 1863, and in cuba in 1886 and while most territories became independent in the 1960s and 1970s, some became independent much earlier and others are still (semi) dependent. Resistance to slavery until recently the history of the transatlantic slave trade has largely ignored the role of the african people who resisted enslavement and fought to end slavery in various ways. Additionally, slavery in america was rigorously policed to a degree that made rebellion a near-impossibility most slave revolts occurred outside the plantation system, in larger cities or areas.
Focusing on slave revolts that took place in barbados in 1816, in demerara in 1823, and in jamaica in 1831-32, matthews identifies four key aspects in british abolitionist propaganda regarding caribbean slavery: the denial that antislavery activism prompted slave revolts, the attempt to understand and recount slave uprisings from the slaves. Most spectacular were the slave revolts during the 18th and 19th centuries, including: tacky's rebellion in 1760s jamaica, the haitian revolution (1789), fedon's 1790s revolution in grenada, the 1816 barbados slave revolt led by bussa, and the major 1831 slave revolt in jamaica led by sam sharpe. Caribbean slave revolts and the british abolitionist movement gelien matthews published by louisiana state university press matthews, gelien caribbean slave revolts and the british abolitionist movement. Caribbean islands table of contents the sugar revolutions were both cause and consequence of the demographic revolution sugar production required a greater labor supply than was available through the importation of european servants and irregularly supplied african slaves.
This export orientation revolved around an americanization of british trade for which the slave colonies of the caribbean were central the eric williams' explored the extent to which this export economy based on west indian slavery contributed to the coming of the industrial revolution. Slavery a slaves were people captured in war, used to settle a debt, or made slaves as a means of punishment the spaniards in the caribbean had little need for african slaves in the early 1500s for various reasons. The abolition of the slave trade in britain had a strong effect throughout the caribbean, as the english were the suppliers of many other islands' slaves religion and slavery in britain particularly, religion became an important reason not to participate in slavery. In the caribbean, as across the rest of the world, the 19 th century was the century of the successive abolitions of slavery for the main colonial powers of the caribbean, namely those of britain, france and spain, abolition represented an undertaking of major economic, social and political significance. Enslaved africans resisted, or rebelled, against their position as slaves in many different ways each expression of resistance by enslaved individuals or groups counted as acts of rebellion against the system of slavery.
The 1791 haitian revolution secured black independence in the former french colony and sounded the death knell for the european slave trade it also ensured the expansion of us slavery. Well-known revolts in south america and the caribbean include the bahia revolt in brazil, the morant bay rebellion in jamaica, and the most successful revolt of all, the uprising in haiti led by. Slavery and the slave trade were huge parts of the caribbean's early colonial history slave-powered sugar plantations made up the majority of the region's revenue during this era the majority of imported african slaves ended up in the caribbean during this time.
Barbados was one of england's most popular colonies, with a rich economy based on sugar and slavery yet it was also the only colony to support the abolition of the slave trade barbados in many. In the debate between the pro and anti slavery contingents at this time, the big question was what caused the hr the leading proponent of the pro-slavery side, bryan edwards, argued that french abolitionism caused the haitian revolution.
We have always resisted more than twenty slave revolts occurred in the years 1789-1832, most of them in the greater caribbean coeval with the heyday of the abolitionist movement in europe and chiefly associated with creole slaves, the phenomenon emerged well before the french abolition of slavery or the saint-domingue uprising, even before the declaration of the rights of man. By the 1840s, only 10% british ships were dedicated to stopping the slave trade and up to 1870, only 22% of the ships participating in the illegal slave trade (1807- 1870) were intercepted by this british blockade, some through illegal means, meaning that 88% of the ships made it through unscathed. Effects of revolts on slavery in the british caribbean how did the african slavery impact the caribbean region between1640-1985 introduction when the europeans switched from tobacco to sugar cultivation, the plantation needed more lands and more labour.